If you are still in a Live session, you will see a Debian Installer icon on the desktop. Double click it to start an assistant that will guide you through the installation process. If you are not in a Live session, insert the Live CD/DVD/USB again and select GUI Install in the Boot menu. The whole process is relatively easy and takes less than 30 minutes. Following is a detailed description of its steps.
Backup Your Data
Take into account that, although you can cancel the installation process to some extent or go back to previous steps, there are some steps that can make irreversible changes to the hard disk of your machine. Pay attention to these, the installation assistant will warn you with messages like:
WARNING. This will destroy all data on any partitions you have removed as well as on the partitions that are going to be formatted.
So be sure to make a copy of your data before you install gNewSense.
- Step 1: Select Your Language
- Step 2: Select Your Location
- Step 3: Configure The Keyboard
- Step 4: Configure The Network
- Step 5: Set Up Users and Passwords
- Step 6: Configure The Clock
- Step 7: Partition Disks
- Step 8: Configuring man-db
- Step 9: Finish The Installation
- Step 10: Meet GRUB
- Step 11: Enjoy!
- What's Next?
Step 1: Select Your Language
Choose a language to be used for the installation process. The selected language will also be the default language for the installed system.
Step 2: Select Your Location
The selected location will be used to set your time zone and also, for example, to help select the system locale. Normally, this should be the country where you live.
Step 3: Configure The Keyboard
Keyboards are made with different key layouts for different target regions. This step will help you select the layout that better match your keyboard.
Click Continue and wait for the assistant to detect and mount the CD/DVD/USB, load the installer components, and detect the network.
Step 4: Configure The Network
The installer, in majority of the cases will automatically configure the network, then will ask for the host name and the domain name for the computer.
Add the host name. This is the name by which the computer is identified when connected to the network. Read Choosing a Name for Your Computer, to get some wisdom about selecting a good host name.
Add a domain name. If you are in a home network, you can make something up, but make sure to use the same domain name on all your computers. The domain name is often a name that ends in .com, .net, .org, etc.
Step 5: Set Up Users and Passwords
Here you set a password for root, which is the system administrative account, and a user account for you, which will be used instead of the root account for non-administrative activities.
Step 6: Configure The Clock
Here you will be presented with a list of time zones available for the country you selected in Step 2.
Step 7: Partition Disks
In this step of the installation you will have to decide. gNewSense can be installed to use the entire disk or you can install it alongside another operating systems (Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux, etc.).
Installing gNewSense to use the entire disk
Partitioning method. Select Guided - use entire disk.
Select disk to partition. You will be presented with a list of disks available in your computer. Select the disk where you want to install gNewSense.
Select the partitioning scheme. The disk can be partitioned using one of several different schemes. If you are unsure, choose the first one, All files in one partition, which is the recommended option for new users.
Partitioning overview. In this screen you will see a summary of the changes that will be applied to the disk. Select Finish partitioning and write changes to disk, and continue.
Write changes to disk. Confirm that you want to apply the changes by selecting Yes and then Continue. Wait for the system to install itself and configure the package manager, and then continue with Step 8.
Installing gNewSense alongside another operating system
Installing gNewSense alongside another operating system requires manual partitioning. Please refer to the Advanced Partitioning section for details on how to do it. After you finish with the advanced partitioning section you will find a link to continue with Step 8.
Step 8: Configuring man-db
In this step you will be asked if you want to install the GRUB boot loader to the master boot record. If you are installing gNewSense alongside other operating system, GRUB will present you with a list of the available operating systems in your computer, so that you can choose which you want to use.
Step 9: Finish The Installation
At this point, gNewSense is now installed in your computer. Click Continue to boot into your new system. Make sure to remove the installation media (CD/DVD/USB), so that you boot into your new system rather than restarting the installer.
Step 10: Meet GRUB
At boot time, you will see the GRUB boot loader. This menu provides you the choice to boot one of multiple operating systems installed on a computer or select a specific kernel configuration available for gNewSense. The options you see here will depend on the options you chose in Step 7. If you don't choose an option here, GRUB will choose the first option available in the list after a few seconds.
Step 11: Enjoy!
And that's it. Login and enjoy your new free system!
Familiarize yourself with the system. You can find various resources in the Documentation set that will help you do this.
And remember that gNewSense is free software, so go ahead and share it with everyone!